Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections (UTI), also known as cystitis, can be uncomfortable and inconvenient.

It is typically caused by a bacterial infection.

Mild cases will often disappear on their own, but more severe or recurrent cystitis should be treated with antibiotics.

 

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nitrofurantoin, cystitis treatment, uni treatment

Nitrofurantoin

  • First choice recomended by doctors
  • 3 day course
  • Same active medication in Macrobid (Brand Name)

Trimethoprim

  • 3 day course
  • Often used when urinary tract infection causes back pain and fever

Learn More About Cystitis

Most frequent questions and answers about cystitis

Cystitis is a common type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that causes inflammation of the bladder. 

A bacterial infection is usually the main cause of cystitis, but other causes of bladder damage/irritation can also cause cystitis. 

Cystitis is much more common in women than men, and some habits can increase the risk of cystitis, including:

  • Sex
  • Wiping from back to front on the toilet
  • Having a urinary catheter
  • Using a diaphragm for contraception

Symptoms of cystitis can include:

  • Pain when you pee
  • Needing to pee more then normal
  • Dark, smelling urine
  • Pain in the lower body
  • Feeling unwell

Mild cases will usually not require treatment, clearing in a few days. Some people experience frequent episodes of cystitis that may require long-term or regular treatment.

Prevention methods have not been fully studies; however, a few self-care measures are recommended, including:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Urinate frequently
  • Wipe from front to back on the toilet
  • Take showers rather than baths
  • Gently wash around the vagina and anus
  • Empty your bladder after intercourse
  • Avoid feminine products in the genital area

Interstitial cystitis is a chronic bladder health issue that causes long-term pelvic and urination pain. 

You should see your GP if you have persistent pelvic pain or notice a change in your usual pattern urination. 

You can find out more information about cystitis on a variety of website. These include the NHS website, Mayo Clinic and WebMD.

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