Learn More About Allergies
Most frequent questions and answers about allergies
Your immune system reacts to certain molecules and this is a normal process. Sometimes your immune system can be over-sensitive and therefore it reacts to a molecule which isn’t necessarily harmful. Some allergic reactions aren’t severe; however, others can be life-threatening (anaphylaxis).
When you’re allergic to something and you ingest or come in contact with it, a complex immune response is initiated.
Sometimes the body can initiate an extreme reaction, causing loss of vital function control – Which may lead to death.
Anaphylaxis is an extreme allergic reaction. It can cause death and therefore is very serious, if you suspect someone is suffering from anaphylaxis, you should call the emergency services.
The most severe allergies can be treated with immunotherapy, known as ‘desensitisation’. However, the most common allergies can be treated with medication such as fexofenadine.
Skin prick, blood and patch tests are the three most common forms for testing for allergies.
With skin prick tests, the allergen is mixed with a liquid and dropped onto the arm with an injection. If the area becomes itchy and red, it is positive for an allergic reaction.
Blood tests measure the amount of immune molecules present in your blood corresponding for a specific allergen. A high score means that your body is sensitive to that allergen.
Patch testing is used for skin allergies. A patch of an allergen is put onto the skin, and if a reaction occurs, you are positively allergic.