Learn More About Acne
Most frequent questions and answers about acne
Acne is a common skin condition that predominantly impacts teenagers. Acne can consist of zits, spots or pimples.
This skin condition causes blackheads, whiteheads and red spots. It commonly occurs on the face, back and top of the chest.
The majority of people suffering from acne are aged 12-25; however people outside this age range can still be affected. It has been found that 8/10 teenagers develop some form of acne, most commonly milk; however 3/10 teenagers will require some form of acne treatment to prevent scarring.
There are two main cuases of acne:
- Blocked pores/hair follicles
- Infection at the bottom of the blockage
Blocked pores are often observed as blackheads or whiteheads. When the hair follicle is blocked, an infection can occur deep in the pore. This causes oil to build up in the pore and inflammation.
Wearing a lot of make-up can further block your pores, thus making acne worse. Touching your skin with your hands can spread bacteria into pores.
Picking or squeezing spots can further inflammation and may cause scarring.
Humid conditions and heavily sweating can contribute to acne. In addition to this, tight clothing can too.
Contraceptive pills, anabolic steroid and certain medications can also make your acne worse. If you believe this is happening to you, you should consult with your doctor to find alternatives.
You should not wash more than normal (twice a day at most). In addition to this you should be careful about using harsh, abrasive soaps as this can spread your acne.
You should allow your skin to air dry, as towels can spread bacteria that cause acne.
Some studies show that antiseptic and topical acne treatments may be beneficial to treating acne.
Various creams, lotions and gels are available to treat acne topically. Benzoyl peroxide is a common form of acne treatment and works to kill bacteria causing acne and reduce inflammation.
Retinoids are good at unblocking pores and reducing inflammation.
Topical antibiotics are used when acne is present in areas that aren’t accessible for topical treatment.
Light treatment is a new form; however, scientific research is still being reviewed to prove that they are effective.
The most effective form of acne treatment varies on an individual basis. If you have severe acne, you should consult with your doctor to find the best form of treatment for your individual case.