Acne (also called ‘zits’, ‘spots’ or ‘pimples’) is a common skin condition that causes black, white or red spots, usually on the face. It can also affect the back and the top of the chest.

Acne often causes lots of worry and distress but can usually be cleared up, or at least improved a lot, with the right treatment. 

Acne can be caused by a wide variety of factors…

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tetralysal, lymecyline, antibiotics for acne

Tetralysal (Lymecycline) Capsules

  • Used when topical treatments are not effective
  • Single daily dose
  • Course usually lasts 8-12 weeks
Treclin Gel, Acne Gel, Isotretinoin and Erythromycin Gel

Treclin Gel

  • For moderate-to-severe acne
  • A rub-on (topical) retinoid
  • Contains antibiotic Clindamycin
Isotrexin 30g gel

Isotrexin Gel

  • For mild-to-moderate acne
  • A rub-on (topical) retinoid
  • Contains antibiotic Erythromycin
Differin gel, Differin cream, Differin


  • For mild-to-moderate acne
  • A rub-on (topical) retinoid
  • Does not contain any antibiotics
  • Comes in gel and cream form


  • For mild-to-moderate acne
  • Contains Benzoyl Peroxide which reduces acne-causing bacteria on the skin
  • Does not need a prescription

Learn More About Acne

Most frequent questions and answers about acne

Acne is a common skin condition that predominantly impacts teenagers. Acne can consist of zits, spots or pimples. 

This skin condition causes blackheads, whiteheads and red spots. It commonly occurs on the face, back and top of the chest. 

The majority of people suffering from acne are aged 12-25; however people outside this age range can still be affected. It has been found that 8/10 teenagers develop some form of acne, most commonly milk; however 3/10 teenagers will require some form of acne treatment to prevent scarring. 

There are two main cuases of acne:

  1. Blocked pores/hair follicles
  2. Infection at the bottom of the blockage 

Blocked pores are often observed as blackheads or whiteheads.  When the hair follicle is blocked, an infection can occur deep in the pore. This causes oil to build up in the pore and inflammation.

Wearing a lot of make-up can further block your pores, thus making acne worse. Touching your skin with your hands can spread bacteria into pores.

Picking or squeezing spots can further inflammation and may cause scarring. 

Humid conditions and heavily sweating can contribute to acne. In addition to this, tight clothing can too.

Contraceptive pills, anabolic steroid and certain medications can also make your acne worse. If you believe this is happening to you, you should consult with your doctor to find alternatives. 

You should not wash more than normal (twice a day at most). In addition to this you should be careful about using harsh, abrasive soaps as this can spread your acne. 

You should allow your skin to air dry, as towels can spread bacteria that cause acne. 

Some studies show that antiseptic and topical acne treatments may be beneficial to treating acne.

Various creams, lotions and gels are available to treat acne topically. Benzoyl peroxide is a common form of acne treatment and works to kill bacteria causing acne and reduce inflammation.

Retinoids are good at unblocking pores and reducing inflammation. 

Topical antibiotics are used when acne is present in areas that aren’t accessible for topical treatment. 

Light treatment is a new form; however, scientific research is still being reviewed to prove that they are effective. 

Acne caused by a dysregulation in hormones. The contraceptive pill is often associated with acne due to the change of hormones that it causes.

The most effective form of acne treatment varies on an individual basis. If you have severe acne, you should consult with your doctor to find the best form of treatment for your individual case. 

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